The guy above is Eric Chopin, winner of 2006 reality TV show, The Biggest Loser season 3. He had lost almost 100 kgs during the tenure of the show. If you want to lose weight too, and searching for ways, this article will discuss all the popular options available.
The energy balance
To understand weight reduction process better, let us spend a moment on the energy balance. The food we take gives us calories (energy) which are burnt (utilised) for every physiological and metabolic function. If the calorie intake and calorie output remains equal, then we have an even energy balance. If the calories we burn are less than the calorie we eat then we have a positive energy balance, i.e. excess calories. The excess calories are converted to fat and stored in our body. In order to reduce weight we need a negative energy balance, means higher calorie expenditure than we eat. In that case the difference in calorie will come from stored fat.
The bus analogy
The food we consume travels through the curvy passage of our food pipe can be compared with a bus that moves through the road from terminus (Mouth) to destination (No prize for guessing where!) The passengers pay the bus money whereas the food gives us calories during the course of the travel.
An even energy balance would be when the cost of running the bus is equal to the money earned from the passengers. No profit, no loss.
A positive energy balance is when the money earned is more than running cost. Money is saved like fat. Every bus owners dream, but every obese person dreads this situation.
A negative energy balance is when money earned is less than running cost. Money that is previously saved has to be given away in order to run the bus. This is what we need to achieve, a massive and sustained loss in the business!
Now we will see how a negative energy balance can be induced in each station as the bus travels.
Mouth: The starting point
If you can reduce the number of passengers, the earnings will be low.
This is achieved by diet restriction. Also, in olden days surgeries were performed to wire the jaws together temporarily to drastically reduce the food intake! Appetite suppressing drugs also work in this aspect.
Restricting the no. of seats in the bus: restrictive surgeries
If the seats in the bus reduce, so will the profit. For this stomach size is reduced. This can be achieved a number of ways, like actual surgical shortening of stomach, placing a band around the stomach, or putting a balloon inside the stomach to occupy the space inside.
Malabsorptive surgeries: Taking a shorter route
Suppose a bus suddenly decides to take a bypass route. What will happen? The passengers who were supposed to get down in between will no longer pay. The earning will take a beat. Same thing is achieved with malabsorptive procedures, where a surgically created ‘shortcut’ prevents the food to be absorbed. E.g biliopancreatic diversion.
Increasing the without ticket passengers
Interesting proposition, isn’t it? Simply means eat food, but don’t take the calories. It can be done in two ways. First, eating the foods which does not yield much of calories, e.g. green leafy veggies, cucumber, tomatoes etc. Second, use of means which interfere with the normal digestive mechanism, which is commonly done using medication.
Exercise: Increasing the cost to company
Imagine you exchange the economic engine of a run of the mill bus with the engine of AC Volvo. What will happen? The riding will be smooth, there will be more power, but .. the fuel efficiency will decrease drastically. Same thing happens when one starts exercising. The excess calories spent during exercise helps to create a negative energy balance that results in loss of weight.
So you made a huge profit in your bus business. Have a lot of money stored in your locker, and one fine morning you are robbed off all the cash. This is analogous liposuction and related cosmetic surgeries, where excess body fat is removed from the body.
If you can’t make it, fake it!
Suppose the bus is doing great business, but you do not want to pay tax for it, what will you do? You will fake a loss. This is done with weight reduction too. Where people fool others (or themselves) with the reduction of body water, instead of fat mass. That is plain and simple dehydration, which will be eventually gained. The ways to do so are by steam bath, using drugs which increase urination, drinking abysmally small quantity of water etc. Remember, tax evasion can land you in jail whereas water depletion will land you in hospital.